Right from his childhood he lived the life of an ascetic and studied Vedas thoroughly and became a Vedic scholar. He was the staunch supporter of the doctrine of karma and reincarnation and had lived a life celibacy subscribed for self-realisation as the ultimate of human life. He had believed in the equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to Swami Dayananda Saraswati on his birth anniversary and stated,”Tributes to Swami Dayananda Saraswati on his Jayanti. His noble efforts towards social reform & education continue to have a lasting impact.”