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The list is compiled from the historian Kota VenkataChalam, and is entirely composed from the unedited version of Kalhana’s Rajatarangni, with additional sources he identifies in the text on Chronology of Kashmira Kings. In particular he consults certain Puranas and a history of Kashmir in Persian written by a Muslim Chronichler. The Muslim chronicler has identified the names of the 35 missing names in Kalhana’s Rajatarangni. It turns out that Gonanda II was killed by Parixshita, and rules Kashmir from Hastinapur. Later his second Son rules Kashmir from Kashmir itself.

Chronology of Kashmira Kings, as reported by Kota Venkatachela, obtained from Kalhanas Rajatarangini, original versions, not the so called critical edition of Stein. Where Kota Venkatachalam points out that the verses 1.49, 1.50, 1.5,1 and 1.54 have been corrupted and modified. As a proof he shows how these four verses are not in consonance in 1.56 and in the other portions of the book including the Tanranga 1, of Rajatarangani. He has also pointed one or two more shalokas of the Rajatarangini, which he shows are also either corrupted, or intentional changed in the critical edition. So that the overall chronology would fit the chronology of the Maghada kings given by another suspect manipulation of Purana chronology. That falsification was carried out, by misidentifying Chandragupta of Maurya dynasty as contemporary of Alexander of Greeks. He claims that it is Chandragupta of Gupta dynasty that is contemporary of the Alexander, as the four names he gives match the names from Candragupta of Gupta dynasty and the King of rwhome Chandragupta of the gupta dynasty worked as Senapati. He credibly shows by the following argument The names given by the Greek chronicler Magesthanese of Indian kings are Xandrames, Snadrocottus, Sandrocyptus. The The European scholars identify these names with Maha padma Nanda, Chandragupta and Bindusara or Amitraghata (mother name of Bindu-Sara of the Mauraya Dynasty of Maghada mentioned in the puranas. Venkatachalam maintains that this identification is wrong, as two of the Kings do not match the first and the third King. Instead these match with Chandramas (also known as Chandrasri and ChandrabIja) who was the last King of Andhra dynasty removed by his army commander, who followed Bhima. His name was Changdragupta of Gupta dynasty, and his son Samudragupta of Gupta dynasty. The simple comparison of the names shows you that the names chronicled by Greek match the Gupta dynasty names and not the Maurya dynasty names. This mistake has taken out about 1240 years from the Indian history and neglected, as it is taught today. This change would cause dis-consonance with the Kashmir history, so Kashmir history was also impacted by the same 1200+ years.

Here I will give the List of Kashmir Kings starting with four generation prior to Gonanda-I.

The Kalhana had about 12 previous histories with him, as he says. He wrote the Rajtarangini, as later chroniclers who had compiled from the past histories, had introduced supernatural and non-historical elements in it. So he is reason to write was to weed those falsehoods, keep the historical portions from those and verify these with archeological sources available to him. From Goanada to Gonanda III Kings spanned 2268 years.There were 52 Kings Kings after Gonanda II and prior to Gonanda III. He could locate 17 of these, 4 from Neelamuni (Neelamata PuraNA), Padma Mihira wrote about history of 8 of these lost Kings, Sri ChchavillakAra wrote about 5 of these missing Kings. It seems Venkatchella located 35 of the remaining Kings from Mulla Ahemds history of Kashmir, written in Persian. However notice that Kashmir Gonanda was contemporary and related to Jarashndha of Maghada. And was killed in Mathura by BalarAma, when he along with Jarasndha attacked Mathura. We also have 4 generations before Gonanda I, whose names we do not now, but were contemporaries of the ancestors of ancestors of Jarasandha. So the Kashmir history starts about couple of hundred years prior to Mahabharata war, i.e prior to 3138 BC.

Kota Venkatachalam says that prior to Stein, Mr. M Troyer had translated Rajtarangni in French. He had raised objection to the Buhler and Steins chronology of Kashmir Kings along with some other historians from Europe, by pointing out the errors in the chronology presented by Stein and Buhler about Kashmir Kings. He had also pointed the corresponding error on the chronology of MAghada Kings to Max Muller. His letter to Max-Muller was noted by Max-Muller, who writes that, “Although other Scholars, particularly M. Troyer, in his edition of the Rajatarangni, have raised objections, we shall see that the evidence in favor of the identity of Chandragupta and Sandrocyptus is such as to admit of no reasonable doubt” reports Kota Venkatachalam. The above quote is quoted by Kota Venkatachalam from the following reference. (Vide PP.3-8 of the Max Mullers history of Ancient Sanskrit Literature Ed. 1859 & The Alllahabad Edition, PP. 141 – 148)

Kalhana says that the Gonanda dynasty ruled for 2268 years prior to Gonanda III. That gives us, with Gonanda III being present in 1182 BC, the total time period Gonanda dynasty period 2268 Years +1182 = 3450 BC. With Gonanda II being 1 year s of age at Mahabharata war, that occurs in 3138 BC. This implies that prior to Gonanda II, the Gonandas were ruling for (3450 – 3138- 1) = 311 years. We know when Gonanda II dies as we know when the war on Mathura by Jarasndha took place. Assuming that to be 100 years, tells us the ancestors of Damodra I ruled Kashmir for 2100 years prior to Domodra I. We don’t know their names. But from the reckoning of Kalhana, that Gonanada’s ruled for 2668 years prior to Giannada II, we come to this conclusion.

The conclusion is imputed from the data, even though we do not have the names of these ancestors of Gonanda I. I have assumed, along with Vekatachalam, that Kalhana did not make any mistake, as he had taken the period from the older texts of Kashmiri Historians.

Chronology of the Kings of Kashmir: The history of Kashmir starts with 3450 BC:

7 epochs of Kashmir History until Kalhana

1. First starts in Starts from 3450 BC on wards to 3083 BC when Gonanda II was killed by Mahraja Parixshita the grand Son of Arjuna the Pandava of Mahabharata fame

2. 3083 BC – 1596 BC (pandava dynasty through the second Son of Parixshit rules

3. 1596 – 1182 BC Gonanda II dynasty

4. 1182 BC onwards

5. 14 to 19 AD

6. 1012 to 1027 AD

7. 1148 AD onwards

0. Predecessors of Gonanda I (Started in about 3450 BC to 3238 BC ; 374 – 162 yrs before SaptaRishi Samvat Gonanda dynasty ruled for 2330 years, Assuming 5 Generations before Gonanda I , Kalhana mentions the 5 Kings who were ancestors of Ginanda I, were known However their names were not available.) starting from Goianada I

1. GONANDA I 3238 BC – 3188 BC; 162-112 Yrsbefore SaptaRishi Samvat) (Related to Jarasndha was kiled by Balrama when he joined his brother in law Jarasndha and attacked mathura) PreMahabharata War, within Dvapara Yuga, as Kali started in 3102 BC, after the MahabhArata war.

2. Damodara I 3188-3140 BC; 62-112 Yrs before SaptaRishi Samvat Went with Large army to interfere in the Svayamvara of Gandhara King her Sindhu, and was killed by Krishna, It is said that he was a Poet.

3. Yeshovati 3140 – 3139.5 BC; 64 – 63.5 Yrs 62-112 Yrsbefore SaptaRishi Samvat (wife of 2 & Mother of 4; he wife of Damodara I, and mother of Gonnda II) Pre-Mahabharata War

4. Gonanda II 3139.5 B – 3083 BC; (a newly born prince was one year old,was put on throne by Krishna with Yeshomati in charge as queen) Mahabharata was fought… He was Killed by Prixhit King os Hastinapur in 3083 BC. As Gonanda II had left no-heir, Parixshit incorporated Kashmir as part of his kingdom. He ruled it for 40 years)

5. To 39 Names of the Kings not known to Kalhana Mulla Ahmad’s history of Kashmir written in Persian language gives the list of Lost 35 Kings of Kashmir from 5 to 39th King 5 Parixshit 3083 – 3041BC (Son of Abhymanyu of Parixshi Pandava King of Hastinapur rules from Hastinapur. At his death passed the kingdom to his second Son Heranadeva)

6 Heranadeva 3041 BC – ?? ; 7 yrs-35 yrs 62-112 Yrs SaptaRishi Samvat ; (The Second Som of Parixshit grandSon of Arjuna Pandava-Kuru)

7. Ramadeva

8 VyAsadeva

9 Drunadeva

10 Simhadeva

11 Gopaladeva

12 Vijayannanda

13 Skhadeva

14 Ramananda

15 Sandhiman

16 Marhandeva and Kamadeva

17 Chandradeva

18 Anandadeva

19 Srpadadeva

20 Harnamdeva

21 Sulkandeva

22 SInaditya

(Total of 34 kings from 6 to 39 ruled for 1289 years (BL 3535 to AL 1324 or 3041 BC to 1752 BC)

23. Mangaladitya

24. Khimendra

25 Bhimasena

26 Indrasena

27 Sundarasena

28 Galgendra

29 Baladeva

30 Nalasena

31 Gokarna

32 Prahalada

33 Bambru

34 Pratapaseela

35 Sangrama Chandra

36 Larika Chandra

37 Biramchandra

38 Bibighana

39 Bhagavanta —1752 BC; BL, 35 – AL 1324 (AL is After Laukika or Saptarishi samvat started)

(Total of 34 kings from 6 to 39 ruled for 1289 years (BL 3535 to AL 1324 or 3041 BC to 1752 BC)

(Kings given by Padma Mihira based on the chronicles of Hela Raja)

40. Lava 1742 BC – 1713 BC ; 1324 AL- 1368 AL

41. Kusa 1713 BC – 1674 BC; 1363 AL -142 AL

42. Khagendra 1674 BC – 1635 BC; 1402-1441 AL

43. Surendra 1635 BC – 1596 bC; 1441 – 1480 AL (Died with out any child)

44, Godhara 1596 – 1557 BC; 1480 – 1519 AL (New Kshatriya family takes over)

45. Suvarana 1557-1518 BC; 1519 -1558 AL

46. Janaka 1518 – 1479 BC; 1558 – 1597 AL

47. Sachinara 1479 – 1448 BC; 1597 – 1628 AL (His paternal Uncle was Sakuni of Gonanda dynasty)

(The list of the allowing 5 kings was given by Sri Chchavillakara)

48. Ashoka 1448 BC to 1400 BC (Gonanda Dynasty)

( The grand son, of Sakuni of gonanda dynast, is contemporary of the Ashoka Mauriya of Maghad 1472 to 1436 BC. European historians, nonchalantly claimed that the Ashoka of the Kashmir was the same Ashoka as that of Maghada. He lost the war to Malecha King, who occupied the throne and Ashoka fled to the forest. He became Buddhist and build the Srinagar, with 90 lakhs of houses, resplend with wealth. He too appears to have been a poet. )

49. Jalauka 1400 – 1344 BC; 1676 1732 AL (Son of Ashoka reconquered and ruled)

50. Damodara II 1344 – 1294 BC; 1676 – 1732 AL

51. Kanishka-Hushka-Jushka 1294 to 1234 BC; 1782 – 1842 Al (Ruled at the same time, in adjacent areas & were Turushka brothers; European historians put him at 78 AD. by claiming that Shalivahana never existed.

52. Abhimanyu (from Gonanada dynasty) 1234 – 1182 BC; 1842 – 1894 AL (reconquered it from the Kanishka)

TOTAL OF 2268 YEARS

53. Gonanda III 1182 – 1147 BC; 1894 – 1929 AL (Next 2330 years from Gonanda III to Kalhanas time in 1148 AD, about 2330 years) Kalhanas time is 1148 Ad, Sptarishi 4224 years and Kali 4249 years)

54. Vibhishana 1147 – 1092.5BC; 1929 – 1983.5 AL

55. Indrajit 1092.5 – 1057 BC; 1983.5 – 2019 AL

56, Ravana 1057 – 1027 BC; 2049 – 2049 AL

57. Vibhishana II 1027 – 991.5 BC; 2048 – 2084.5 AL

58. Kinnara / Nara 991.5 – 952 BC; 2084.5 – 2124 AL

59. Siddha 952 -892 BC; 2124 – 2184 AL

60 Utpalaksha 892 – 861.5 BC 2184 – 2214.5 AL

61. Hiranyaksha 861.5 – 824 BC 2214.5 – 2252 AL

62. Hiranyakula 824 – 764 BC; 2252 -2312 AL

63. Vasukula 764 – 704 BC; 2312 – 2252 AL

64. Mihirakula 704 – 634 BC; 2372 – 2442 AL

65. Baka 634 – 591 BC; 2442 – 2482 AL

66. Kshitinamdana 594 – 564 BC; 2512 – 2564 AL

67. Vasunamadana 564 – 512 BC; 252 – 2564 AL (He was a poet and authored Smara Shastra)

68. Nara 512 – 477 BC; 2564 – 2599 AL

69. Axsha 477 – 417 BC; 2599 – 2659 AL

70. Gopaditya 417 – 3357 BC; 2659 – 2719 Al (He built the temple of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in 367=366 BC. (He founded several temples and Agraharam. And he was a poet.)

71. Gokarana 357 – 322 BC; 2719 – 2754 AL

72. Kinkhila / Narendraditya 322 – 285 BC; 2754 – 2791 AL

73. Andha Yudhistra 275 – 272 BC; 2754 – 2791 AL

(He was called Andha Yudhistra by people because of his having small eyes; But he was not blind From Gonanda III to Andha Yudhishtra 910 years passed)

(Pratapaditya Dynastry) The Kings of Taranga II. Rajtarangani says that Pratapaditya, a relative of Vikramaditya was brought by the ministers from a distant land and placed on the throne of Kashmir 272 – 240 BC. Vikramaditya referred here must be Sri HRSHA VIKRAMADITYA OF UJJAIN 457 BC. KALHANA Says Vikramaditya mentioned here is not Sakari Vikramaditya of 57 BC.

74. Pratapaditya 272 – 240 BC; 2804 – 2836 AL

75. Jalaukasa 240- 208 BC; 2836 – 2868 AL

76. Tunjina 208 – 172 BC; 2868 – 2904 AL

77. Vijaya 172 – 164 BC; 2904 – 2912 Al

78. Jayendra 164 – 127 BC; 2912 – 2949 AL

79. Sandhimati 127 – 80 BC; 2949 – 2996 AL

——-END of Pratipaditya Dynasty–

Kings in Taranga III

(Dynasty of Andha Yudhistira who belonged to Gonanda dynasty from 80 BC – 252 AD, 10 Kings )

80. Meghavahana 80 – 46 AD; 2996 – 3030 AL

81. Pravarasena 46 – 16 BC; 3030 – 3060 Al or Shreshtasena or Tunjia

82. Hiranya 16 BC – 14 AD; 3060 – 3090 AL (Elder brother of toramana died issueless Toramana died in prison. His wife and son were in exile.)

83. Matrigupta 14-19 AD; 3090 – 3095 AL or 3152-3157 AL (he was sent by Vikramaditya of Ujjain as Kiing of Kashmir in 14 AD, 3152-3157 year since MB war, 3092-3097 Saptarishi samvat, Time from Gonanda III and to 83rd King Maitrigupta about 1201 years passed.)

84. Pravarasena II 19 – 79 AD; 3095 – 3155 Al (Toramana’s Son)

85. Yudhistrira II 79 – 118 AD; 3155 – 3194 AL (Contemporary of Salivahana, founder of Era 78 AD)

86. Laxshamana or 18 – 131 AD; 3194 – 3207 AL Narayanditya;

87. Tunjina or Ranaditya 131 – 171 AD; 3207 – 3249 AL (Poet)

88. Vikramaditya 173 – 215 AD; 3249 – 3291 AL

89. Baladitya 215 – 252 AD; 3291 – 3328 AL (Son in Law of Baladitya, the last of Gonanda King )

Total of 332 Years. END OF Gonanda  Dynasty

Kings in Taranga IV. Karakota Dynasty 252 Ad to 852 AD total 600 Yrs

90. Durlabha Vardhana 252 – 288 AD; 3328 – 3364 AL (Son in Law of Baladitya; beginning of Karakota dynasty)

91. Durlabhaka 288 – 338 AD; 3364 – 3414 AL or Pratapaditya

92. Chandrapida 383 – 397 AD; 3414 – 3473 AL or Varanaditya

93. Tarapida 397 – 431 AD; 3473 – 3507 Al or Udayaditya 94. Lalitaditya 431 – 467 AD;3507 – 3543 AL or Muktapida

95. Kuvalayaditya 467 – 468 AD;3543 – 3544 AL

96. Vajraditya or Bapyatika or Lalitapida 468 – 525 AD;3544 – 3601 AL

97. Prithivyapida 525 – 569 AD;3601 – 3645 AL

98. Sangramapida 569+7days AD; 3645+7days AL

99. Jayapida 569 – 620 AD; 3645 – 3696 AL (pandit & poet)

100. Lalitapida 620 – 672 AD; 3696 – 3748 AL

101. Sangramaditya II 672 – 729 AD; 3748 – 3805 AL

102. Chipyata-jayapida 729 – 781 AD; 3805 – 3857 AL

103. Ajitapida 781 – 837 AD; 3857 – 3913 AL

104. Anangapida 837 – 840 AD; 3913 – 3916 AL

105. Utpalapida 840 – 845 AD; 3916 – 3921 AL

106. Sukhavarma 845 – 852 AD; 3921 – 3928 AL

TOTAL of 600 years. END OF Karakota Dynasty

Kings in Taranga V. Utpala Dynasty 852 AD to 936 AD, 8 Kings total 84 Yrs

107. Avantivarman 852 – 880 Ad; 3928 – 3956 AL (In his court flourished many a poets and dArshanikas)

108. Sankaravarman 880- 900 AD; 3956 – 3976 AL (Contemporary of Laiya Sahi, Brahman Kig of Yavanas, in Uttar Jyotisha & Divya Kataka, & Simhapura – now part of Afghanistan)

109. Gopalavarman 900 – 902 AD; 3976 – 3978 AL minor under mother Suganda

110. Sankata 902 – 903 AD; 3978 – 3979 AL

111. Sugandha

112. Suvarma 903 – 904 AD; 3979 – 3980 AL

113. Partha 904 – 918 AD; 3980 – 3994 AL

114. Nirjitavarma 918 – 920 Ad; 3994 – 3996 AL

115. Chakra Varma 920 – 934 A 3993 – 4010 AL (Murdered)

116. Unmattavanti 934 – 936 AD; 4010 – 4012 AL

Total 84 years —END OF Utpala Dynasty

Kings in Taranga VI. Braham Kings 936 AD to 1012 AD, 10 Kings total 76 Yrs

117. Yasakara 936 – 945.5 Ad 4012 – 4021.5 AL

118. Varnata (1 Month)

119. Sangramadeva 945.5 – 946 AD 4021.5 – 4022 AL

120. Parvagupta 946 – 948 AD; 4022 – 4024 AL

121. Kshemagupta 948 – 957 AD; 4024 – 4033 AL

122. Abhimanyugupta 957 – 971 AD; 4033 – 4047 AL Minor ruled through Moother Didda

123. Nandigupta 971 – 972 AD; 4047 – 4048 Al Second son of Dida Minor

124. Trinhuvanagupta 972 – 974 AD; 4048 – 4050 AL Third Son of Didda & Minor

125. Bhimagupta 974 – 979 Ad; 4050 – 4055 AL 4th son of Didda Minor

126. Dida 979 – 1012 Ad; 4055 – 4088 AL (Didda herself reigned)

Total Reign 76 Years. END OF Brahman Dynasty

Kings in Taranga VII. Satvahana Dynasty 1012 AD to 1110, 6 Kings total 98 Yrs

127. SangrAmaraja 1012-1027 AD; 4088-4013 AL (Nephew of Dita Devi and belonged to SatvAhana dynasty) contemporary of Trilochan Pala of Hindu Shahi dynasty of Punjab and Afghanistan who ruled till 1021 And killed by Mohammad Ghazni)

128. HariRaja 1012 – 1027 AD; 4088 – 4018 AL

129. Anantadeva 1027 – 1078 AD; 4108 – 4154 AL

130. Kalasa /Ranaditya 1078 – 1088 AD; 4154 – 4164 (Pandita and Poet so patron of Pandits and Poets)

131. Utkarsha 1088 – ; 4186 – 132. Harsha 1110 AD; 4196 AL

END OF Satvahana Dynasty

Taranga VIII. Agni Vamsi & BrahmanKshetra Kings 1012 -1110 Ad, 6 Kings total 38 Yrs

133. Uchchala 1110-1120 AD; 4186 – 4196 AL

134. Sankharaja

135. Susala 1120 – 1128 AD; 4196 – 4204 AL

136. Jayasimha. 1128 – 1148 AD; 4204 – 4224 AL

137. 1148 – 1295 AD;

138.

139. Simha Deva 1295 – 1324 AD;

From 4th previous ancestor of Gonanda I to 1148 AD, Kalhanas time total of 4598 Years had elapsed with continuous saga of the Kings Of Kashmir.

We had, Gonanda Dynasty – Ist dynasty

Bharata of Pandava Dynasty rules 1487 years starting with Parixshit, Grand Son of Arjuna and ending with Surendra 1596 BC.

Gonanda Dynasty again

Gonanda II dynasty

Zulfi Kadar Khan apis Dulch, a descendent of Cruel Changez Khan family invaded Kashmir with 70 thousand cavalry men. He plundered the country, slaughtered innumerable men and women, young and old and carried away 50,000 Brahmanas as slaves/ Most of these captives while passing through the montain reof Deva Sar died of Snow Frost.

Simha Deva fled to Kishtiwar & his general Ramachandra escaped to Gajanjir.

140 Ramchandra: tries to pick us the threads after Dulcha left. But was killed by Rinchin from Tibet, married Ramchandr’s daughter, converted to Islam and thus started the conversion, killing and terror for Kashmir. He died after 25 years.

141 Rinchina 25 years. 1353 AD

142. Udayan Deva 1327 – 1343 AD (the brother of Simha Deva comes to power & dies.

143 Shamasudin (Shah mir) 1343 And rules for 4 years and died. Situation was relatively calm for Hindus.

144. Sultan Jamshed 1347 – 1348 AD (killed by his brother Alaudin Sher

145 Alaudin Sher 1348 – 1360

145. Sultan ShahuDin1360 – 1378 With him began the era bigotry and horrible days for hindus. He had many temples razed

Here we end the Kalhan history. The details after Kalhana up to JAyaSimha and from there forward, the Jonaraja picks up. This is when Islamic period was to start, and I have just given you the glimpses of that what was to come from that period till today.

At some stage I will add the Islamic period along with brief narration of atrocities, and miseries Hindus had to go through in Kashmir.

अस्मद्रूपसमाविष्ठ: स्वात्मनात्मानिवारणे शिव: करोतुनिजया नम: शक्त्या ततात्मन